The U.S. Air Force uses virtual reality for training exercises. [Photo: Senior Airman Lauren Parsons/ U.S. Air Force]
As calls for gun reform in the U.S. reach another urgent crescendo–and as major retailers announce they will no longer sell guns to anyone under 21–one virtual reality expert has proposed some technological approaches to reducing mass shootings as well.
Jeremy Bailenson, a professor at Stanford and author of the recent book Experience on Demand, which spells out, among other things, how VR can be good for us, believes makers of virtual reality shooting games and simulations can play a role in helping to cut down on gun violence.
In an op-ed on CNN, Bailenson notes that there has been at least one recorded instance of a mass shooter boosting his skills in a video game, and that there’s no reason VR developers should be giving potential murderers “a virtual boot camp.” President Trump recently mused that one way to decrease gun violence was to look at video games as a culprit, a trope that has been hauled out by politicians for years.
The military uses virtual reality to train for a variety of scenarios. [Photo: Senior Airman Lauren Parsons/ U.S. Air Force]
Still, Bailenson argues that VR gives users the ability to look at scenes in three dimensions, can hone sensitivities thanks to haptic accessories, and vitally, “players use their arms and body to engage in actual combat moves, instead of just hitting buttons [as in normal video games]. As a result, the brain’s motor system is engaged. Repeated movement while in virtual reality causes changes in brain structure, which in turn improves performance in the real world.”
Bailenson notes that VR has long been used for training combat soldiers for just these reasons. And he proposes one way to interrupt the benefits of virtual training: change the physics of bullets.
“Think about a Frisbee,” he writes. “In order to hit a target straight ahead, one needs to arc it to one side, to account for its return swing.” If VR shooting games incorporated such physics, he continues, that would train players to aim away when they shoot–and obviously erode their abilities to shoot real guns in the real world.
Bailenson also thinks VR game gun accessories should be shaped and weighted differently than real-world weapons. And he believes that targets in such games shouldn’t be people. And though there’s no evidence yet that terrorists are using VR for training, some have mused about the potential for that scary eventuality.
On paper, these are good ideas. But, despite analyst predictions that VR could be a $38 billion industry by 2026, there are relatively few people using VR headsets at the moment, at least compared to devices like smartphones or video game consoles. For the moment at least, it’s unlikely that such changes would result in fewer shootings. Still, every little bit counts. If even one would-be shooter is deterred, perhaps Bailenson’s ideas are worth debating.